Once we have a look at all of the assumptions which were overturned in increased schooling due to the pandemic and all of the wants which have solely grown throughout this time, what turns into clear is that frameworks that beforehand labored for increased schooling are now not assured to perform. One thing new is required, and flipped studying could also be precisely the precise mannequin for the place increased schooling is headed as soon as the pandemic is over.
What’s flipped studying? A standard and oversimplified reply is that it’s an strategy that asks college students to observe lecture vidoes at residence earlier than class in order that class time can be utilized for extra interactive actions.
However the easiest way to explain it’s to distinction it with conventional instructing frameworks. Within the conventional framework, college students get first contact with new ideas at school (the “group house” as I name it in my guide on flipped studying) after which higher-level interactions are all on the coed aspect by means of homework and so forth (within the “particular person house”). Flipped studying places first contact with new concepts earlier than group house actions, then makes use of the group house for lively studying on mid- and upper-level duties.
It is worthwhile to check flipped and conventional frameworks by contrasting the assumptions that every framework makes:
- Conventional frameworks assume that we function in a shortage mannequin of knowledge; flipped studying assumes that info is ample and (principally) freely obtainable.
- Conventional frameworks assume that expertise is scarce, or in some way dangerous for studying; flipped studying, by advantage of the versatile setting it espouses, views expertise as a software that needs to be embraced.
- Conventional frameworks assume that college students arrive at class as clean slates with no prior information of the brand new ideas to be discovered; flipped studying assumes that college students come to their research with concepts, maybe flawed in some ways, however which nonetheless are uncooked supplies for studying that college students deliver to the desk.
- Maybe most importantly, conventional frameworks assume that college students don’t have any capability for self-regulation or self-teaching, and actually that it is inappropriate to ask college students to do both. Flipped studying not solely believes within the means of scholars to self-teach and self-regulate, it leans into that means and is based upon that means. But it surely additionally by no means assumes that college students have honed that means and even practiced it a lot; that is why instructing college students to self-teach and self-regulate is a characteristic, not a bug, of the framework.
Now take into consideration the seismic modifications that the pandemic has caused in increased schooling and continues to be bringing about. Increased schooling had many assumptions of its personal previous to the pandemic, and a number of other of them have been completely wrecked by it:
- We are able to now not assume that we’ve got nearly limitless entry to colocation. In different phrases, we used to take assembly repeatedly in individual in a classroom fully with no consideration; we’ll by no means be capable to do this once more, even as soon as the pandemic is over.
- We are able to now not assume pure lecture pedagogy is an appropriate instructing mannequin or that banning expertise is an appropriate apply. No matter one’s emotions about lecturing, college students through the pandemic grew to become reluctant to just accept a speaking head as an inexpensive use of their time and tuition cash. We are able to anticipate this sense to proceed as soon as we’re again in individual and there is a worth to be paid for colocating. And having seen the promise of expertise as a software for efficient studying through the Massive Pivot, the genie is out of the bottle there as effectively.
- We are able to now not assume that we are able to assess college students by means of conventional timed testing any time we would like. This can be a corollary to the lack of colocation plus the rise of expertise, but it surely appears clear from the place I sit that the pandemic dealt a demise blow to all the idea of timed testing. This may occasionally solely be tangentially associated to flipped studying, but it surely’s important.
- Lastly, all 4 of the pedagogical assumptions of conventional frameworks at the moment are out the window. We are able to now not assume scarce info, that we are able to preserve expertise at arms’ size, that college students have empty heads, or that college students cannot train themselves issues. All 4 of these have been completely inverted–or flipped–since final March.
On the identical time that every one these items modified, many points of instructing and studying earlier than the pandemic have stayed the identical, and their want has turn out to be extra acute and extra obvious. We see now extra clearly than ever that studying requires connections between folks and concepts. We see progress mindset is important for studying and well-being. We positively see that the necessity to have the ability to train oneself new issues and regulate one’s personal studying is extra vital than ever. And we see that the necessity to information scholar progress in self-teaching and self-regulation, painfully missing in pre-pandemic instructing, is now at a premium.
That’s why it’s the proper time to extra absolutely undertake flipped studying in school instructing. It matches all of the rising assumptions and fulfills all of the overarching wants, and steers away from all of the prior fashions that at the moment are on their means out.
As a result of make no mistake: As soon as the pandemic continues to ease, and we start to start out making our means again to the bodily classroom (like many establishments might be doing within the fall), the worst factor we might do is attempt to get “again to regular.”
What a tragic mistake it might be to exit this horrific time in historical past by losing the chance to rid ourselves of outdated fashions – and all their related injustices, inequities, and inefficiencies – and placed on one thing higher for our college students.
On this second in historical past, we’ve got the chance to reshape increased schooling into one thing higher for everybody, and we are able to honor the sacrifices we’ve needed to make through the pandemic by selecting to do higher. We are able to start with our frameworks, and flipped studying is an efficient place to start out.