An unimaginable device to consider the combination of know-how with instruction was developed in 2010 by Ruben Puentedera when he launched what we now know because the SAMR mannequin. The acronym stands for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition, and the intention was to create a shared language throughout a number of disciplines in order that academics would be capable of decide the very best use of know-how as an tutorial device.
Loui Lord Nelson and Andrew Church buildings impressed Kathy Schrock to create the picture above of the mannequin associating it with the degrees of the brand new Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy.
Many academics efficiently adopted the SAMR mannequin to assist them decide one of the simplest ways to introduce a know-how and scaffold studying to the redefinition stage. In truth, the Expertise Integration Matrix provides a nod to the mannequin within the know-how integration ranges of the rubric.
Nonetheless, all that order and intention went out the window for a lot of academics when the COVID-19 pandemic hit they usually have been thrust right into a technology-required atmosphere with generally little skilled improvement or coaching in using digital instruments. Moreover, many had minimal data of the way to develop classes for learners who weren’t bodily current. That stated, greater than 89% adopted applied sciences and moved into technology-rich environments, in keeping with the Christensen Report Breaking the Mildew.
So, it begs the query, “Is SAMR a fatality of COVID?” Have academics efficiently built-in know-how to the diploma that we are able to unanimously agree we now have redefined studying?
Many academics acknowledge they aren’t going to place away the know-how they’ve now develop into accustomed to having it of their lecture rooms, however they’re additionally asking for extra PD and assets. Districts are persevering with to implement a wide-scale digital curriculum and the 1:1 distribution of gadgets. Some districts are even implementing 2:1, with college students having a tool at house and college. Nonetheless, regardless that know-how is extra obtainable than ever, and that is actually an edtech chief’s dream come true, can we be assured that instruction has modified?
There are two facets that ought to be thought-about earlier than figuring out SAMR is not needed.
First, let’s assume by way of Webb’s Depth of Data when put next with SAMR. When utilized this fashion, SAMR is just not linear however moderately a continuum. A learner can step into any stage of SAMR relying on the exercise and the place the learner is in their very own studying course of. An exercise could also be developed for a learner to recall or reproduce info, or an exercise inside a lesson may stage as much as prolonged considering. Learners enter at varied ranges and SAMR acknowledges that variance and suggests using know-how ought to adapt to the learner’s wants.
The second side to think about is the blended studying continuum, which could be the quickest option to get to the redefinition stage of SAMR. Contemplating the agility of the mannequin and the flexibility for learners and academics to maneuver from face-to-face to totally on-line permits the educational to be extra dynamic and extra intentional. Engagement will increase when learners are exploring their very own questions and utilizing know-how in a versatile method to create and discover their very own pursuits associated to a specific customary. This actually permits for a extra customized method.
Adopting the blended studying continuum and creating classes designed to show learners to a steady number of actions whereas enabling them to discover many facets of issues and approaches to complicated issues is the essence of SAMR and it might probably enhance scholar engagement with the content material alongside the best way!
So, SAMR is just not useless however moderately developed. We as soon as thought-about SAMR via the eyes of the instructor and the way they used know-how for instruction and to develop scholar actions. That is nonetheless true at the moment with the exception that academics are making use of it to revamp entire items of research that incorporate the assorted ranges of SAMR all through the lesson. Nonetheless, the actual evolution is how SAMR may apply to the function of the coed enabling the mix of instructor and know-how to facilitate a private studying pathway. This permits the coed to establish whether or not they’re substituting, augmenting, modifying, or redefining their studying duties via using know-how. It additionally encourages the coed to be extra reflective concerning the device getting used and the way it finest applies to a studying job.
We in all probability aren’t at a whole redefinition stage inside SAMR due to the shortage of PD, coaching, and time to genuinely replicate on instruction with know-how. College students do must proceed studying in digitally wealthy environments, albeit a stability of print supplies and manipulatives is critical as is the necessity to have time in instructor and scholar schedules to take care of fundamental social and emotional wants. Creating extra versatile studying pathways that incorporate the degrees of SAMR whereas embracing the continuum of blended studying will give college students the pliability and freedom they should create at a brand new stage and redefine their studying experiences!
Dr. Kecia Ray is a strategic thinker and a confirmed chief in Okay12 transformation. She serves as Tech & Studying’s Model Ambassador and is the founding father of the consulting service, Okay20Join